In Samos Island, you can also find nowhere else in the Aegean with higher mountains than Samos. It is a hilly island. It has two mountains, the wild and rocky Mount Kerki of 1443m height and the verdant Mount Ambelos or Mount Karvouni of 1160m height. Mount Kerkis in Samos is ideal for climbing, and so this somewhat limits the number of those who are able to enjoy its wild beauty, while Mount Karvounis, which is more accessible, can be visited by everyone young and old alike. In the summer of 2000 a fire burned about 30% of the island's forests.
The lovely coastal village of Pythagorio, is full of whitewashed houses with blue shutters and doors. In Vathy, Venetian houses are mixed to neoclassical ones and all the buildings have red-tiled roofs and some have their walls painted in bright colours. A small picturesque road links the present day port to Vathi, the old traditional settlement. Perched on gente slopes behind the bay, its timeworm houses with their narrow windows and wooden balconies evoke memories of a by-gone era. The island does not have a specific traditional architecture, mostly because of the heterogeneous descent of the population of the island. It is a blend of neoclassical mansions, Venetian buildings, whitewashed houses and Byzantine churches. The narrow stairs and streets are also painted in blue and white and the walls of some houses are decorated with naive paintings. Graphic narrow streets are winding around all those types of buildings, adding a cosy and warm touch to the whole scenery. And in the church of Ai-Yiannis, you will see marvellous rare frescoes.
We can say in all seriously that Samos is truly an ideal place for holidays. In Samos everywhere provides an invitation to visitor because what ever their interests are, they will be catered for. For that reason, without wishing to be accused of excessive local patriotism.
Samos is the birthplace of great mathematician and philosopher Pythagoras. The astronomer Aristarchos and philosopher Epikouros also came from this Aegean island. In ancient times a major culture developed on the island and it was the home of distinguished figures in the world of the arts, literature, philosophy.